The Seven Ecumenical Concils in Asia minor

5 Jun 2016
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The seven ecumenical church consils were all held in Turkey. The chart below provides general information on these seven concils. All dates are AD.

Date / Location :325 / Nicea in the Emperor’s summer palace
Participants :Convened by Constantine with over 300 bishops present
Heresy :Arianism
Outcome :Creed adopted stating that Jesus was “true God from true God, begotten not made of the same substance with the Father through whom all things were made”

Date / Location :381 / Constantinople in the Hagie Irene Church
Participants :Convened by Emperor Theodisius with 150 eastern bishop present including Gregory of Nazianus, Gregory of Nyssa, and Cyril of Jerusalem
Heresy :Arianism and Apollinarianism
Outcome :Teaching of Arius and Apollinarius denounced; refined the Nicene Creed by making 10 additions to the next and affirmed the deity of the Holly Spirit

Date / Location :431 / Ephesus in Church of Mary
Participants :Convened by Emperor Theodisius II with over 200 bishop present
Heresy :Nestorianism and Pelagianism
Outcome :Teaching of Nestorius denounced Mary called “Theotokos” ( God-bearer) and Pelagius condemned for his view of original sin.

Date / Location :451 / Chalcedon in St.Euphemia Church
Participants :Convened by Emperor Marcian with about 370 bishop present
Heresy :Eutychianism
Outcome :Eutyches’teaching denounced and a brief definition of faith declaring that Christ’s two natures were “unmixed,unchanged,undivided, and inseparable”

Date / Location :553 / Constantinople in Hagia Sophia Church
Participants :Convened by Emperor Justinian I with about 152 mostly Eastern bishop present
Heresy :Monophysitism
Outcome :Affirmed that Christ had both a human nature and a divine nature “

Date / Location :680 / Constantinople in Hagia Sophia Church
Participants :Convened by Emperor Constantine IV with 170 bishop present
Heresy :Monothelitism
Outcome :Affirmed that Christ had both a divine and human will ; condemned Pope Honorius for supporting Monothelitism”

Date / Location :787 / Nicea in Hagia Sophia Church there
Participants :Convened by Emperor Constantine VI and his mother Irene with 367 bishop present
Heresy :Iconaclasm
Outcome :Veneration of icons and statutes declared legitimate; these were restored to the churches